What’s Happening in Honduras?
By Krista S.W.
Honduras is a country in Central America that borders Guatemala, Nicaragua, and El Salvador. It’s a country that has made news lately for the migrant caravan. People are fleeing the country for a better life, so what’s happening in Honduras?
First off, political instability is present. The 2017 Honduras election saw the reelection of Juan Orlando Hernández. The results were seen as deceiving, and this caused mass protests to erupt. Many have blamed him for the problems of Honduras.
Economic instability is also a big problem. The lack of food and work are some of the reasons Hondurans are leaving their country. Over three-fifths of the population live in poverty and one-fifth of Hondurans in rural areas live on less than US$1.90 per day. Honduras also has the largest economic inequality level in Latin America.
Violence, especially against women, is not uncommon. Honduras has one of the highest murder rates on Earth (43.6 murders per 100,000 people). It has been named one of the deadliest places to be a woman, with gangs killing women in ways that can’t be listed here. Females have been injured and threatened by their male counterparts. Cases of femicides have been hidden, and the vast majority of them go unprosecuted. Ninety percent of femicides aren’t sentenced or taken to court. Prosecutors have died for simply doing their jobs.
For those that manage to leave Honduras, the journey isn’t easy. It takes crossing through Guatemala and Mexico to reach the United States. At the Mexico-Guatemala border, migrants have had to wait a few days before being allowed to cross into Mexico.
Even at the U.S. border, being processed is not a guarantee. Hundreds of thousands of migrants have applied for asylum. Of those people, many will be deported to their home country. Honduran migrant Sindy Flores was told by a Border Patrol agent that she was weak and that he didn’t care if one of her children died.
There has been a heated debate on immigration laws. Honduras has the potential to get better, with its economy having grown for the past couple of years. However, a lot of action will need to be taken in order to drop the poverty and violence rate. Until then, hundreds of Hondurans continue to leave Honduras each day.