# Creating a Whole New World

By Sabrina M.

Find out why some consider Albert Einstein the smartest person in the world.

Albert Einstein was the smartest person in the world. He never stopped asking “why” to all the questions he came upon. He was never a genius in school either he just wanted to explore the world, read lots of books, study, and be a success when he grew up. He became the inventor of his two famous theories the Special Theory of Relativity and the General Theory of Relativity. In 1905, he created his famous equation E=mc^2 which means energy which is equal to mass x speed of light squared to go along with his General Theory of Relativity.

In 1915, Einstein produced his masterpiece: the general theory of relativity based on Gravity. Gravitation is most accurately described by this theory. This theory shows how gravity curves space-time and was put to test to show the strange orbit of Mercury. The theory of General relativity provided the answer for many astronomers: Mercury experienced the greatest warping of space-time, explaining the slight deviation in its elliptical orbit. His biggest inspiration was Sir Isaac Newton when he created the theory of gravitation. In 1919, the General Theory was first tested on May 29, 1919 by Arthor Eddington and Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin. Then, at the end of World War II, an Astronomer named Sir Frank Dyson prepared for the next eclipse on May 29, 1919 so, he could test Einstein’s theory. Einstein was right and knew some very impressive knowledge. The people who created the Hiroshima bomb, it was then called the Little Boy, actually used Albert Einstein’s famous equation to explain why the bomb explodes. His equation provided the answer it was because of fission. Fission occurs when a neutron strikes the nucleus; it then splits the nucleus into tiny fragments and produces huge amounts of energy. The fission process becomes self-sustaining as neutrons produced by the splitting of an atom strike nearby nuclei and produces more and more fission. This is known as a chain reaction and this is why an Atomic bomb explodes. Albert Einstein was known by all and is greatly appreciated by many citizens. That’s why this year, physicists are celebrating Einstein’s theory and they are conducting experiments to test the theory under even more exotic conditions. Most of all they are looking ahead, pondering the next theory, one that can reach even further than Einstein’s, by incorporating the other great idea of 20^{th} century physics: quantum mechanics.